3.37 Continual improvement

ISO 45001 defines the terms “continual improvement” as “recurring activity to enhance performance”. The standard further goes on explaining that in OH&S system enhancing performance corresponds to the application of the OH&S management system so as to attain improvement in overall OH&S performance consistent with the OH&S policy and OH&S

3.36 Corrective action

ISO 45001 defines the terms “corrective action” as “action to eliminate the cause(s) of a nonconformity or an incident and to prevent recurrence”. It is an important concept of all management system standards and it should not be confused with preventive action of a potential non-conformity. Corrective action is taken

3.35 Incident

event of accident or near miss

ISO 45001 defines the term “incident” as “occurrence arising out of, or in the course of, work that could or does result in injury and ill health”. Some of the examples of incidences are accidents and near Miss reports. An incident where injury and ill health occurred is called as

3.34 Nonconformity

Requirement unaddressed

ISO 45001 defines “Nonconformity” as “a non-fulfilment of a requirement”. Nonconformity relates to requirements in this document and additional OH&S management system and the requirements that an organization establishes for itself. Non-conformity is the opposite of conformity. As much as conformity is desired and important for management system, what is

3.32 Audit

ISO 45001 defines “audit” as a “Systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it objectively to determine the extent to which the audit criteria are fulfilled”. An audit can be of following types on the basis of auditee and auditor relationships: An internal audit known as

3.31 Measurement

ISO 45001 defines “measurement” as “process to determine a value”. OH&S management system defined by ISO 45001, incorporates measurement as an important concept, since it is a numeric value for a parameter. Measurement is very important in quality management system and so it is needed in occupational health and safety management