ISO 45001 defines the term “incident” as “occurrence arising out of, or in the course of, work that could or does result in injury and ill health”.
Some of the examples of incidences are accidents and near Miss reports.
An incident where injury and ill health occurred is called as accidents. Within accidents there are fatalities, disability, asset damage, first aid cases and injuries etc.
An incident where no injury and ill health occurs, but has the potential to do so, may be referred to as a “near-miss”, “near-hit” or “close call”.
Although there can be one or more nonconformities related to an incident, an incident can also occur where there is no nonconformity.