ISO 45001 defines “Nonconformity” as “a non-fulfilment of a requirement”.
Nonconformity relates to requirements in this document and additional OH&S management system and the requirements that an organization establishes for itself.
Non-conformity is the opposite of conformity. As much as conformity is desired and important for management system, what is more required for an organization is to understand it’s non-conformities through internal audits and to address it’s root cause followed by a resolution in the form of corrective action.
Check the list of mandatory documents whose absence can cause a non-conformity.
A non-conformity in an external audit of ISO 45001:2018 can withhold the conformance of the organization until the nonconformity has been resolved and corrective action has been taken. In extreme cases, a nonconformity can lead to withdrawal or cancellation of a certificate and is termed as major non-conformance. Therefore organizations really work hard to avoid non-conformity in an external certification and third party audit.