ISO 45001:2018 defines contractor in clause 3.7 as “External organization providing services to the organization in accordance with agreed specifications, terms and conditions”. The standard further says that services also include activities related to construction as well. Contractor is an interested party for the organization’s management system.
There are two types of circles i.e. circle of control and circle of influence. In organization’s circle of control, all contractors’ work is the responsibility of the organization. Outside the circle of control, the organization has to create an influence on contractors to work safely with necessary protocols.
Therefore the contractor working at the premises of organization has to follow all occupational health and safety related operational controls developed by the organization. However a contractor doing work outside and organizations scope will also be influenced to take necessary measures in order to control safety at any other place of contractors’ scope.
During the selection of contractors, their performance related to occupational health and safety should be considered, in addition to quality of the services they provide. It is pertinent that the terms related to occupational health and safety should be incorporated in the terms and conditions of the contract done with contractors. It will create a contractual binding for them to comply with.