“Consultation” is defined in 3.5 clause of the standard ISO 45001 as “Seeking views before making a decision”. Consultation includes engaging health and safety committees and workers’ representatives in the decision making process as consideration of workers’ views.
It is related with the terminology of participation, but is limited to obtaining views of workers’ before making a decision. It is not necessary that the views become the major input of the decision process, it can be made on the basis of merit. However in participation, workers become part of the decision making process.
Check if there is any document required for consultation by the standard.
Consultation is also a style of management which is a consultative style of management, in which there is less liberty and involvement as compare to the democratic style. However consultative style offers more liberty than the autocratic style of management in which the top management directs what to be done and there is no view seeking. However consultative style is a balanced approach perceived by many experts compare with the autocratic and democratic styles of management.