ISO 45001 defines the term “hazard” as a “source with a potential to cause injury and ill health”.
Hazards can include sources with the potential to cause harm or hazardous situations, or circumstances with the potential for exposure leading to injury and ill health.
Hazards are existent due to unsafe conditions and unsafe work practices. Unsafe conditions poses a source of potential harm. Also unsafe act creates a situation of injury or damage.
As per ISO 45001, Hazards should be identified in risk registers and associated risk is calculated for actions.
ISO 45001 mandates implementing organizations to carry out hazard identification analysis of the workplace so as to carry out risk analysis. Together the process is known as hazard identification and risk assessment i.e. HIRA.