The 3rd clause of the standard ISO 45001:2018 defines terms and definitions. The term “organization” is defined in clause 3.1 as “Person or group of people that has its own functions with responsibilities, authorities and relationships to achieve its objectives.”
The clause further explains the concept of organization in following forms:
An illustration of part of an organization of a manufacturing firm is given in the below image.
An organization can be a combination from the above forms, and can be public or private. OH&S management system is implemented on these organizations discussed above. The standard uses the term organization as a whole at multiple places within the standard, thus the true concept should be understood and not misinterpreted.